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lunes, 24 de marzo de 2014

Careo channels


30 Questions about ''Careo channels''

1·What are ''Acequias de Careo''?
   Acequias de careo are natural water conducing channels,
that we use to irrigate the land, the trees, and everything that it's 
surrounded by.

2·When were they invented and by who?
It says that their origin goes back to at least the year 1139, but that its most extensive employment was reached in the last centuries of the Muslim time, XIII to XV centuries.
The origin of the canals of confrontation is uncertain, and has been attributed to Roman times , although currently known network launched in Moorish times , and it was in this period that developed its full potential.

 3·Why are they important?

It would be important to preserve and to maintain these systems of careos, given their high historical and environmental value.Since the declaration of Sierra Nevada as Parque Nacional y Natural in 1999, the program to recuperate the canals has been given high priority.

 4·What are they for?
The ´acequias de careo´ fill aquifers so that the springs keep flowing in the dry months. At the same time they generate pastures - ´carear´ means to guide the livestock to graze - which explains the name of this type of canal.

It is a really inteligent way to save the melted water from the mountains.

 5·What would happen if they didn't exist..

The whole landscape would be really dry. It'd be dehydrated,
and most of the harvest season would be ruined. The livestock, all the pastures, the landscape... This is why we have to maintain and repair the irrigation channels.

 6. Where are they?

Most of them are found in ''The Alpujarras'', in Spain.
The Alpujarras (Granada), are next to Sierra Nevada, which is
next to the highest mountain of Spain (mainland), ''Mulhacén''.

7·How long are they?

They're thousands and thousands of kilometers long.

8·What kind of landscape are they surrounded by?

Before the Acequias de Careo existed, the landscape was really dry. 
Now, the land is hydrated and in dry areas in hot summer days
there's water, just because of the ''Acequias de Careo''. 

9·How do they work?  
Careo canals facilitate the infiltration of the water. The water of the rivers and streams is diverted by these canals during the winter and the spring, to the flat areas where it infiltrates. Each canal has its areas to recharge called "simas" or "cimas". 

10·Which is the largest canal in Sierra Nevada? The largest "acequia de careo" in Sierra Nevada is the Acequia de Mecina, it's well-developed, 
well-conserved and it has twenty "simas" where the water is distributed.

11· What are non medieval canalisations?

As an exception, some irrigation channels in The Alpujarra were made before the Moorish Times.
The most important example is "Acueducto de Carcauz", which flows near Vícar and Felix. This channel has a long distance and has been there in historical moments like the "Acueducto Los Poyos", the "Puente por rematar" and the "Puente de los 20 Ojos".

12·What's the most important mission of the careo channels? 

The most important mission of the careo channels is is to keep the water in the high mountains, to preserve it and irrigate the high areas by infiltration in seasons like summer and autumn. 

13·How many "acequias de careo" are there?

There are a ot of careo channels in Sierra Nevada, thousands of kilometers...

14·What is the difference between Roman irigation canals and careo channels?

The difference between Roman irigation canals and careo channels is that the Roman canals were cleaner and they were made by the Romans, but most of the careo channles were/are more natural and irigate the land in a different way.

15·What maintains the careo channels?

There are many projects that help to maintain the careo channels in The Alpujarra. One of them is from the UNESCO, and they try to repair some of the canals and they protect them.

16·Recovery and Maintenance Projects

The urgency to recover funds; The large
the scope; and the extent of damage,
then taken to grope expeditious solutions
supported by the incorporation of materials and techniques
apart from the strict observance of customs.
The passage of a yearly cycle for them enough to show
the inadequacy of these works: being improper,
by law, the generic use of high technologies
moment in a Protected Area, not fit innovations




                     17.¿ Quiénes inventaron las acequias de careo?

                                       Los árabes.

             18.Aparte de crear las acequias de careo, ¿ qué frutos trajeron a La Alpujarra ?

Los árabes traen a la península mandarinas, almendros, albaricoques...

19.En el pueblo Órgiva se pueden encontrar acequias de careo?


20.Las acequias de careo se parecen a las acequias romanas?

 Se parecen, pero son distintas, por eso no se les consideran acequias de careo a las romanas. Las romanas eran mucho mas limpias y hechas por el hombre.

21.Donde se puede encontrar una acequia de careo en las Alpujarras?

Una de las acequias de careo de Las Alpujarras está situada en un pueblo cerca de Órgiva llamado Cañar.

22. Y, ¿cómo se llama?

Se llama Acequia Mezquerina.

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